Africa Quarterly Update 2017

Quarter 4, 2017

CANSO participated in the Africa and Middle East Regional Ministerial Conference on Aviation Security Roadmap in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt in August. The conference decisions, endorsed by the Ministers, provide the basis for work by regional aviation security groups in line with the Global Aviation Security Plan (GASeP). The focus is on enhancing risk awareness and assessment, developing security culture, developing human capability in aviation security, improving technological resources and encouraging innovation, improving oversight and quality control, and increasing regional cooperation and support. 

The CANSO Africa Conference 2017 took place in Morocco in September, kindly hosted by ONDA. There were 107 participants from 40 countries, including the East Africa and West Africa Regional Directors of ICAO.  The Conference explored the role of technology and automation on human performance; it examined operational and training issues; and provided an understanding of some challenges in the interface between humans and automation, particularly the way in which automation affects human performance. 

The Director General of ASECNA, Mohammed Moussa, guest speaker, said that ASECNA recognises the importance of collaboration; and as a result it will sign a memorandum of agreement with CANSO as an initial step towards ASECNA joining CANSO. 

The Conference also discussed two of the key elements for improving the efficiency of airspace - performance based navigation (PBN) and collaborative decision-making (CDM). The outcome of the discussion was agreement on the need to ensure that all ANSPs meet the requirements of the ICAO recommended practices on PBN and CDM.

Lastly, the Conference discussed the status of the implementation of the CANSO Africa ATM Safety Peer Review Initiative. The two Regional Directors of ICAO were happy with the progress thus far and recommended that CANSO should promote the initiative at sub-regional bodies like the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the East African Community (EAC). 

 

Quarter 3, 2017

Under the CANSO Africa ATM Safety Peer Review Initiative, all five review groups are making significant progress, from conducting effective and collaborative safety reviews, to successfully implementing effective safety management systems. 

In May, a CANSO Africa ATM Safety Peer Review meeting was held in Freetown, Sierra Leone, attended by 82 participants from different States and organisations, including ICAO Western and Central African (WACAF). It confirmed that the CANSO Standard of Excellence (SoE) in Safety Management Systems (SMS), had already been adopted by all States that have CANSO Members and that the CANSO SMS Implementation Guide and CANSO Safety Maturity Survey will continue to be used as baseline guiding documents during ANSP peer reviews – ensuring consistency and aiding comparative analyses between States.

Under the auspice of the ICAO No Country Left Behind initiative, the meeting resolved to assist, through a peer review process, those non-CANSO Member ANSPs that are struggling to implement SMS. The meeting also concluded that States should establish formalised regional SMS training programmes for staff involved in the implementation of SMS and ANSP peer review activities, and that the scope of peer reviews should be widened to include airport authorities. 

At the 4th AFI Aviation Week, in May in Gaborone, Botswana, CANSO provided an update on implementing SMS in the Africa region and the CANSO Africa ATM Safety Peer Review Mechanism. CANSO also explored cybersecurity best practice, referencing the CANSO Cyber Security and Risk Assessment Guide. The recommendations were that Africa needs to use standardised mitigations and scopes of threat/risk based on established policies rules processes and procedures. Subsequently, CANSO has been requested to run cybersecurity workshops in the region.

 

Quarter 2, 2017

CANSO is making significant progress on the implementation of the CANSO Africa ATM Safety Peer Review Initiative. In February, Mozambique Airports hosted a review meeting with Mozambique CAA and National Airports Corporation Limited (NACL) of Zambia, where NACL reviewed Mozambique Airports. Tanzania Airports also held a review session, where Tanzania CAA was reviewed by Uganda CAA and Kenya CAA. In March, CANSO facilitated a meeting between Ghana CAA and Roberts FIR to explain the process ANSPs follow when they meet, and to schedule their first review this summer. By then, it is intended that four of the five review groups will be active, meaning almost all CANSO Members in Africa will have honoured the Declaration signed during the CANSO Africa Conference 2016 in Ghana.

CANSO, together with ICAO, has confirmed an Africa ATM Safety Peer Review Initiative meeting to be held in Sierra Leone in May. The purpose of this is to discuss and to promote the project to all African ANSPs.

In March, CANSO participated in a Regional Safety Oversight Organizations (RSOO) meeting organised by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), in partnership with ICAO, in Swaziland. RSOOs are organisations responsible for ensuring safety management in each country. The objective of this meeting was to approve a global strategy and action plan for the improvement of RSOOs, and establish a global system for the provision of safety oversight. The meeting proposed that a platform be established to better facilitate the exchange of information and best practice and foster greater cooperation between RSOOs.

Quarter 1, 2017

CANSO participated in an Africa Regional Implementation Plan for Aviation and Security meeting
hosted by Kenya CAA, in partnership with ICAO and AFCAC, to establish an action plan to implement
the Windhoek Ministerial Declaration and targets on aviation and security and facilitation. 68 participants
from 27 States and international organisations attended the event including IATA, AFCAC, ICAO, SITA,
IFALPA and INTERPOL.

The meeting concluded that States should endeavour to comply with the relevant UN Security Council
resolutions, implement screening measures to improve security, link with INTERPOL at all times, develop
measures to prevent cyber attacks, and participate in and promote sub regional activities. The group also
agreed to develop an aviation security training programme for the aviation industry.

In November, CANSO organised a collaborative decision-making (CDM) seminar, hosted by Uganda
Civil Aviation Authority, under the theme ‘A harmonised and interoperable African Airspace’ in Entebbe,
Uganda. Some 80 delegates from six CANSO Members attended the seminar, as well as airlines and
airports, manufactures and equipment suppliers.

Attendees agreed to share information from other ANSPs that have implemented airport collaborative
decision-making (A-CDM) , establish ‘Go Teams’ at CANSO to facilitate peer support, set up a collaboration
mechanism between airports, and create a safety and security forum as an A-CDM platform. Participants
also agreed to convene a meeting of airport stakeholders to discuss A-CDM and develop further actions
on how to establish A-CDM and a structure to manage it.

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