ICAO Quarterly Update

Quarter 4, 2018

In August, ICAO hosted the first ICAO Focus Task Force (FTF) on Airport Efficiency for Effective Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response meeting. The goal is to look at the current aviation regulatory framework and conduct a gap analysis of the areas this covers, including ATM. To support this, CANSO will be represented in two of the related workgroups.

In September, CANSO attended the ICAO RPAS/3 Symposium in Chengdu, China. CANSO spoke on integrating RPAS into controlled airspace, emphasising the importance of maintaining safety and setting adequate regulations for procedures, equipment, coordination and training. CANSO also presented at the Drone Enable/2 Symposium on coordination and interoperability between UTM and ATM.

In October, CANSO participated in the ICAO 13th Air Navigation Conference, attended by more than 1,300 attendees from ICAO Member States and international organisations. It is a vital forum for States and international organisations to collaborate on air navigation safety, strategies and solutions, and for CANSO to provide the ATM perspective.

As part of this, CANSO called on States and ICAO to enable investment in ATM infrastructure; harmonise the approach to standards around the world; adopt a performance-based approach to regulation; embrace new technologies and airspace users; and tackle cyber security in order to help improve the safety, efficiency and effectiveness of ATM. CANSO presented nine working papers which were welcomed and approved. CANSO also actively participated in discussions on the other 300 industry working papers brought to the Conference.

The Conference will create a report on the deliberations and recommendations that will be brought forward to the ICAO Air Navigation Committee (ANC). The ANC will put these recommendations into the ICAO work plan and budget for the 2019-2022 triennium.  CANSO will follow this process and make sure that the recommendations are addressed.

Quarter 3, 2018

In June, I briefed the ICAO Council on the state of the ATM industry. I urged ICAO to move fast to keep up with the rapid pace of technological developments by a performance-based approach to regulation; requested ICAO to encourage States to invest in modernising ATM infrastructure; and to promote the benefits of allowing ANSPs to act as normal businesses, free of the uncertainties of  government budgets and able to make long-term business plans. I was also the only industry Director General to attend the private ICAO Council Offsite Strategy Meeting, providing good insights into ICAO thinking for the future.

In May, CANSO coordinated support for the draft CANSO working papers for the 13th ICAO Air Navigation Conference (AN-Conf/13) with the ICAO delegation of the European Commission and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).

CANSO attended three ICAO events in Bucharest. At the ICAO Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA) Cybersecurity Summit, CANSO presented its views on protection from cyber attacks, focussing on SWIM implementation and the importance of adopting a cybersecurity culture. At the ICAO Next Generation of Aviation Professionals (NGAP) event, CANSO briefed students on the jobs and opportunities that are available within ANSPs. The 3rd ICAO Secretariat Study Group on Cybersecurity (SSGC/3) meeting looked at how to integrate cybersecurity provisions in all relevant ICAO Annexes. The SSGC will submit a proposal to the ICAO High-Level Conference on Aviation Security (HLCAS/2) in November in Montreal.

CANSO attended the ICAO Separation and Airspace Safety Panel (SASP/2) which proposed amending PANS-ATM Chapter 8 regarding space-based ADS-B lateral and longitudinal separation where direct controller-pilot VHF voice communication is not available. SASP also proposed amendments regarding separation standards for ADS-C and will send both proposals to the ICAO Air Navigation Commission (ANC) for approval.

At the ICAO Asia/Pacific Regional Cybersecurity Symposium, CANSO presented on the importance of integrating a cybersecurity culture throughout all aviation organisations. Coordination between States and stakeholders is important for protecting an integrated aviation system against cyber-attacks and failures that could cripple the aviation system via a domino effect.

The ICAO Air Navigation Commission (ANC) said farewell to three ANC Commissioners: Mrs. Kirsten Riensema - United Kingdom (1st Vice-President), after three and a half years, Mr. Tai Feng - China (2nd Vice-President) after 10 years, and Mr. Aleksander Korsakov – Russian Federation after more than 10 years.

As a result of the CANSO SID/STAR paper presented to the ICAO Air Traffic Management Operations (ATMOPS) Panel, ICAO created a SID/STAR Implementation Support Team (ISSIST). Its purpose is to enhance safety through expanding the number of States that will adopt the new SID/STAR procedures in an effective and timely manner.

ICAO launched its Safety Management Implementation (SMI) website. This complements the Safety Management Manual (SMM) and provides examples, tools and supporting material for aviation.

ICAO completed the 2nd edition of the Risk Assessment Manual for Civil Aircraft Operations Over or Near Conflict Zones (Doc 10084) which has been posted on ICAO-NET. This expands the advice for States and operators regarding the risks from surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) and key risk factors to be considered for their own risk assessments.

 

Quarter 2, 2018

In March, the current ICAO Secretary General, Dr. Fang Liu, was re-appointed for a second term by acclamation, running from August 2018 to August 2021. The Council also appointed Mr. Jiefang Huang (China) to the post of Director, Legal Affairs and External Relations Bureau and Mr. Jorge Vargas Araya (Costa Rica) to the post of Director, Technical Cooperation Bureau.

CANSO is liaising with the ICAO Secretariat on a new runway surface reporting format which will become effective by 2020. ICAO is planning a Global Symposium in March 2019 in Montreal to discuss the new reporting format, including SNOWTAMs, and will also hold further regional symposia. CANSO will provide suggestions for the agenda and offer support on effective implementation of the new reporting format by assisting CANSO Members where necessary.

CANSO is finalising working papers for the ICAO 13th Air Navigation Conference (AN Conf/13). It will submit eight papers on the following subjects:

• UAS traffic management (UTM) asking for interoperability between UTM and ATM where appropriate;
• Space and near space operations, asking for safeguards while operating through controlled airspace;
• The cyber effect of introducing SWIM, asking for security by design and security through life cycle;
• The possibilities of space based ADS-B, asking ICAO to adjust SARPS where necessary to allow its introduction; a paper on digital tower operations, asking ICAO to use already developed regulations and guidance in other regions to speed up international legislation;
• Investments in ATM, describing the importance of efficient, safe and modern ATM systems and States' responsibilities to promote proper funding; and
• Interoperability of ATM systems, asking ICAO and its member States to ensure the efficient global interoperability of newly developed aeronautical information systems (AIM).

Once agreed internally, CANSO will invite industry partners to co-sign, increasing visibility and support for each paper. The papers will be circulated to Members in June, for information and promotion to States.

CANSO attended the yearly ICAO Council informal briefing from the ICAO Regional Offices in February 2018. The briefing included ICAO goals and objectives for 2018 until 2020. Highlights and presentations of the briefing were shared with the CANSO region directors and programme managers for them to share with CANSO Members. All ICAO regional offices recognised the need for further improvement of regional coordination between States and industry.

In conjunction with ICAO's Chief, Airspace Management and Optimization Section, CANSO has called on ICAO to address concerns about the ICAO PANS-ATM Amendment 7A (SIDs and STARs Phraseology) Procedures. This follows feedback from some CANSO Members that it has been challenging to implement the new phraseology due to safety concerns and increasing workloads of air traffic controllers.

The ICAO Council will host a High-Level Conference on Aviation Security (HLCAS/2) following the Aviation Security Symposium 2018 (AVSEC2018) in November 2018. These events will assist ICAO in setting the aviation security agenda for the coming triennium. Representing the global ATM industry, CANSO will submit ATM priorities as part of this, including the cyber protection of future ATM infrastructure and procedures, such as system wide information management (SWIM).

ICAO has determined that the inclusion of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in Annex 19 and the Safety Management Manual (SMM, Doc 9859) will be postponed until 2020. This is to give the Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems & Safety Management Panel Task Force (RPASP/SMP TF) time to comprehensively review and update the draft for the Safety Management Manual (SMM), including input from the CANSO membership on the latest trends and considerations in this area.

The ICAO Aviation Security Panel (AVSEC) has agreed to expand the activities of the Secretariat Study Group on Cybersecurity (SSGC) not only from the regulatory point of view – to achieve global harmonisation – but also to accelerate work on effective responses to cyber threats, contingency planning and the human interface. CANSO is an active member of the SSGC, providing its expertise on ATM related cyber issues.

The Twenty-ninth Meeting of the Aviation Security Panel (AVSECP/29) reviewed the latest edition of the ICAO Global Risk Context Statement (RCS). The RCS provides information on threats and risks facing civil aviation, as well as a methodology for States and aviation security stakeholders to conduct risk assessments. As such it is vital for the successful implementation of the first priority objective of the Global Aviation Security Plan (GASeP); enhance risk awareness and response. While not publically available, a copy of the RCS is available at CANSO ICAO Affairs office and the CANSO team can offer advice in this area.

The CANSO ICAO Affairs office in Montreal has moved to 1000 De La Gauchetière Suite 2430. If you would like to arrange a time to visit, please get in touch.

 

Quarter 1, 2018

In December, CANSO took part in ICAO's Second Global Air Navigation Industry Symposium (GANIS/2) and First Safety and Air Navigation Implementation Symposium (SANIS/1) in Montreal. CANSO took the opportunity to strengthen its profile and discuss CANSO's priorities within an important global forum. I am very grateful to those CANSO Members who also participated and supported CANSO.

CANSO spoke on a range of topics and shared its positions. With regard to UAS traffic management (UTM), CANSO highlighted the importance of interoperability and coordination. On commercial space operations, CANSO noted the importance of commercial operators having a safety management system (SMS) in accordance with ICAO Annex 19. In addition, during a session on civil/military cooperation, CANSO highlighted the need to coordinate, collaborate, and cooperate in sharing equipment, technology, and flexible airspace, utilising A-CDM processes. Indeed, the new ICAO Manual 10088, Civil-Military Cooperation, in which CANSO was a significant contributor, details the importance of fostering a greater understanding of each other's requirements. When targeting cyber threats or vulnerabilities, CANSO recommended that States should not only focus on technical solutions but also take into account the human factors.

All CANSO positions were well received and supported, and these will be further developed and presented to the ICAO 13th Air Navigation Conference (AN-Conf/13) in October 2018. In addition, CANSO has initiated discussions with ACI, IATA, ICCAIA, IFALPA and IFATCA regarding joining efforts to produce common industry papers for AN-Conf/13.

During ICAO's Second Global Runway Safety Symposium (GRSS2) held in Lima Peru in November, CANSO discussed the importance of Runway Safety Teams (RST) and the use of the airport collaborative decision-making (A-CDM) system for coordination. In addition, CANSO highlighted the CANSO Runway Incursions survey and the CANSO Runway Incursions microsite. During the seminar, ICAO launched the 2nd Global Runway Safety Action Plan that was developed together with the Runway Safety Programme Partners, of which CANSO is a member.

CANSO also attended the ICAO Separation and Airspace Safety Panel (SASP) that was held in Canberra, Australia. CANSO achieved a preliminary agreement on separation criteria for the use of space-based automatic dependent surveillance – broadcast (ADS-B), and there was agreement on the modelling needed to determine the separation criteria, to be ready before 2020.

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