ICAO Quarterly Updates 2016

Quarter Four, 2016

ICAO recently held its triennial Assembly in Montreal. CANSO submitted five working papers that were all supported by the Assembly. CANSO asked ICAO to:

  • recognise SEANS-Safety so States can use it to evaluate their ANSP’s implementation of safety management systems
  • encourage States to introduce legislation to implement a “Just Culture” reporting environment
  • establish a framework for aviation stakeholders to share information on cyber-threats, incidents and mitigation efforts
  • develop guidance material on the risk of overflying conflict zones and on how to collect and disseminate information with stakeholders
  • establish Letters of Agreement with adjacent States for “Project Loon” to safely transit FIR (Flight Information Region) boundaries.


CANSO co-signed a further seven papers by States and international organisations. These included a global carbon offset scheme for aviation, air traffic flow management (ATFM) in Asia Pacific, use of safety data for aerodrome design,
the African ANSP Peer Review Initiative and proposals on remotely piloted aircraft systems and drones. These proposals were all well received. A Resolution on Cyber Security, prepared by the IHLG (Industry High Level Group) with input from CANSO, and approved by the ICAO Council, was also adopted during the Assembly.

An industry reception, co-hosted during the Assembly by ACI, CANSO, IATA and ICCAIA, provided an ideal opportunity to welcome new ICAO Council Members, say goodbye to departing Council Members and thank ICAO for its support
to our organisations.

In late October, CANSO Director General, Jeff Poole attended a meeting of the ICAO-Industry High Level Group (IIHLG), which comprises the Secretary General of ICAO and the Directors General of ACI, CANSO, IATA and ICCAIA. The group considers matters of global significance to aviation that can be addressed by States and industry collectively rather than working individually.

The meeting agreed to work together on “maximising the economic and social benefits of aviation” and to develop communication tools and publications to support advocacy; to coordinate advocacy towards State decision makers;
develop policy principles for smarter regulation; provide examples of successes; evaluate the impact; and produce a joint report for the 40th ICAO Assembly in 2019.

On aviation security, CANSO spoke at AVSEC World 2016 in Kuala Lumpur in late October. We participated in discussions on sharing information on the risk of overflying conflict zones and said that ANSPs could play a crucial role by receiving adequate and timely information from the State concerned or adjacent States. This information could then be shared with aircraft in flight by direct communication and via the Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network (AFTN) to aircraft operators.

Ted Fudge, previously Manager International Coordination with NAV CANADA, has been appointed as the CANSO Assistant Director ICAO Affairs. Ted is the CANSO Observer to the ICAO Air Navigation Commission, its panels and
working groups. He represents the interests of air traffic management in the technical aspects of operations and safety issues at ICAO. With Ted’s appointment, CANSO will further increase and improve its cooperation with ICAO
and other stakeholders.

 

Quarter Three, 2016

CANSO was a sponsor and CANSO Director General, Jeff Poole, was a speaker at the Global Sustainable Aviation Forum in May organised by the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG). The Forum was a prelude to the ICAO High Level Meeting, which advised the ICAO Council on a proposed resolution requesting all ICAO Member States to agree to establish a Global Market-based Measure scheme for aviation emissions. This will be submitted to the 39th ICAO Assembly in September.

CANSO participated in the ICAO Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) which has agreed a work plan for 2016 to 2018. CANSO will participate in eight of the 12 tasks in the plan and will co-lead the task on “Improved Static ATM and Aircraft Technology Scenario”. This will produce an overview of ATM efficiency and the possible decrease in this efficiency when ATM equipment is not upgraded and ATM procedures are not enhanced. If, as we predict, the study shows that the efficiency of the ATM system decreases if no improvements are made in ATM systems and procedures, it will demonstrate that investments have to be made to keep efficiency high. This will be useful in our advocacy to States on investing in and modernising ATM.

CANSO was invited to address the ICAO Council in June along with other industry partners. Jeff Poole talked about the trends and challenges that ANSPs and global aviation as a whole face in the coming years. He emphasised that to address the growth in aviation, States need to invest in and modernise ATM infrastructure.

The ICAO Council held an off-site meeting in Quebec City in June with the theme: “Building Global Partnerships for Aviation Development”, based on the ICAO “No Country Left Behind” (NCLB) initiative. CANSO presented SEANS-Safety and the new initiative on “Acquisition Excellence”.

Several CANSO Members, together with ICAO and other stakeholders, created the ICAO New Generation of Aviation Professionals (NGAP) ATM Competency Based Training Workshop. This is a programme of regional workshops to provide guidance on implementing competency-based training and assessment for ATCOs and ATSEPs as outlined in the amended Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Training (Doc 9868), applicable in November 2016, and associated guidance manuals that will be published later this year.

The CANSO Director ICAO and Industry Affairs spoke at the ICAO/ASPA (Association of Airline Pilots of Mexico) Regional Seminar on “The Value of Aviation Training as a Capacity Building Strategy” in Mexico City in July. He highlighted the work CANSO is doing in cooperation with ICAO on the NGAP programme and the ICAO NGAP-ATM Competency Based Training Workshop.

 

Quarter Two, 2016

CANSO participated in the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP/10) in February, which saw the completion of the 2013-2016 work cycle. Although most items were not directly relevant to CANSO, (a new CO2 emission certification standard; a new proposed standard for non-volatile particulate matter), CANSO is actively supporting the global market-based measure (MBM) for aviation emissions through the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG).

CANSO participated in the 27th meeting of the ICAO Aviation Security Panel (AVSECP/27). The main outcomes were that the AVSEC Task Force on RPAS (remotely piloted aircraft systems) should define “unlawful use” of RPAS in the context of aviation security; and that ICAO will develop a “Global Aviation Security Plan” (GASP). Although the current recommended practices regarding cybersecurity will not be upgraded to standards, the panel wants to further develop guidelines and regulations at national and regional levels to counter the cyber threat. The IHLG paper for a resolution to be submitted to the 39th ICAO Assembly was adopted. At this moment there will be no standard or recommended practice for “Conflict Zones” but threat information should be shared more widely.

CANSO participated in the Industry High-Level Group (IHLG) on Cybersecurity, which produced a working paper for the ICAO Aviation Security Panel (AVSECP/27) meeting with a suggested resolution for the 39th ICAO Assembly.

The resolution asks the Assembly to call on States to include actions on cybersecurity in their plans. The Group will produce a status report to the Assembly, which will include recommendations for industry, States and ICAO on how an outcome-focused approach to cybersecurity can be established.

The Global Aviation Safety Road Map Group (GASPRG) developed an action plan to assist the aviation community achieve the objectives in the ICAO Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP). It provides a structured, common frame of reference for all relevant stakeholders. The goal of the roadmap is to ensure that safety initiatives deliver the intended benefits associated with the GASP objectives through enhanced coordination, thus reducing inconsistencies and duplication of efforts.

CANSO was a sponsor and keynote speaker at the 3rd ICAO Air Transport Symposium, which addressed “Competition Issues: Towards a Better Operating Environment”.

During the Fatigue Management Approaches in Aviation Symposium, at which CANSO spoke, a new Fatigue Management Guide for Air Traffic Service Providers was released. This Guide was developed by CANSO, ICAO and IFATCA. It is available for free on the websites of the three organisations.

CANSO opened an office in Montreal in January, 500 metres away from the ICAO Headquarters. Our office can host meetings for up to four people whenever you are in Montreal. Also there is a possibility to rent meeting rooms for 6 to 16 people. Whenever you attend meetings in Montreal with ICAO or one of the other aviation stakeholders, please do not hesitate to visit the office and also advise us so that we can ensure proper coordination.

 

Quarter One, 2016

In November, CANSO Director General Jeff Poole spoke at the ICAO World Aviation Forum (IWAF) on Aviation Partnerships for Sustainable Development. The purpose of the forum was to help identify and coordinate assistance to States in need so that they might benefit from improved global connectivity and the economic benefits of aviation. The forum highlighted that despite its economic significance, the aviation system receives limited funds to support its development. This echoed the point the Director General made in his speech to the plenary that efficient ATM enables airlines and airports to provide the connectivity that drives economic and social development. CANSO called on States to do more to address the problems of capacity constraints and inefficient airspace; invest in ATM infrastructure modernisation; and allow ANSPs the freedom to operate as normal businesses and manage critical investments on the basis of sound business cases and committed funding.

CANSO also participated in the Aviation Safety Implementation Assistance Partnership (ASIAP) meeting along with States, industry partners and the World Bank. ASIAP coordinates assistance to States, shares information, supports a resource mobilisation strategy, and agrees on outcome indicators. The meeting discussed the development of, first, a mechanism to better share information among partners to determine gaps and avoid overlaps in assistance provided; and, second, a prioritisation methodology for assistance projects and identifying priority States needing assistance by end-January 2016. This is where CANSO expects to contribute, to help identify what should be the priorities for assistance by donors, based on safety performance information it may have available.

The ICAO Legal Committee is considering Conflicts of Interest in Civil Aviation. The paper’s objective is to promote awareness of potential conflicts of interest (COI), particularly regarding the provision and regulation of services in the safety and security domains; and to recommend that States take measures to avoid or mitigate risks from COIs to aviation safety and security. This is in line with CANSO’s view that ANS provision should be separated from the regulatory oversight function. The meeting agreed that this important topic be brought to the attention of the ICAO Assembly, urging States to develop a legal framework and cooperate to share their best practices in dealing with COI.

The ICAO Legal Committee also considered a paper by the Netherlands requesting reconsideration of a conclusion by the Council that it was not necessary to make any changes to the Chicago Convention in respect to conflict zones. The Dutch Safety Board report into the loss of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 had called for States’ responsibilities relating to airspace closure to be more strictly defined in the Chicago Convention. After some deliberation, the Legal Committee agreed not to include this matter in its work programme, noting that a number of work items, such as amendments to SARPs, are continuing in ICAO.

Separately, CANSO provided input to IATA for its response to the recommendations in the Dutch Safety Board Report into the loss of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 (particularly those addressed to IATA and the airlines). Like airlines and others, ANSPs need the right information at the right time about the risk arising from conflict zones to take the right decisions. We said that the roles and responsibilities of entities within the State need to be more clearly defined in ICAO SARPs, so that it is clear which entity should make the determination to close/restrict the airspace and when, based on an appropriate assessment of the risks to civil aviation arising from conflict zones.

The ICAO Council agreed to elevate the status of the Next Generation of Aviation Professionals (NGAP) Task Force to full programme status. This recognises the importance of effective human resources planning and development, to ensure sufficient skilled aviation professionals to meet projected needs. The ICAO Council decision is an important step towards realising the NGAP objectives to transition to competency-based approaches to personnel training and licencing. CANSO supports this through its Training Competencies Task Force (TCTF) and the HR Workgroup that will support the roll-out and implementation of the new competency-based training provisions in the regions.

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